Edison Records was one of the earliest record labels which pioneered sound recording and reproduction and was an important player in the early recording industry. The first phonograph cylinders were manufactured in , followed by Edison’s foundation of the Edison Phonograph Company in the same year. The recorded wax cylinders, later replaced by Blue Amberol cylinders, and vertical-cut Diamond Discs, were manufactured by Edison’s National Phonograph Company from on, reorganized as Thomas A. Edison, Inc. Until the recordings did not carry the names of the artists. The company began to lag behind its rivals in the s, both technically and in the popularity of its artists, and halted production of recordings in Thomas A.
The technology that made the modern music business possible came into existence in the New Jersey laboratory where Thomas Edison created the first device to both record sound and play it back. He was awarded U. Patent No. In an effort to facilitate the repeated transmission of a single telegraph message, Edison devised a method for capturing a passage of Morse code as a sequence of indentations on a spool of paper.
Reasoning that a similar feat could be accomplished for the telephone, Edison devised a system that transferred the vibrations of a diaphragm—i. Edison and his mechanic, John Kreusi, worked on the invention through the autumn of and quickly had a working model ready for demonstration.
Antique Edison phonograph models (outside horn). Note: For a more comprehensive description, dateline and images of Edison phonograph models, visit our.
Introduced in early , it proved to be a durable machine with good performance that sold well. As tastes and customer demands changed, the model types changed as well. They were made in great quantities and are often the first choice for entry-level cylinder machine collectors today. The Edison Company discontinued open horn phonographs including the Standard in late In talking with collectors of phonographs, I often find that the Edison Standard was their first cylinder player.
This is hardly a surprise in that Standards are plentiful and still relatively cheap. Certainly, I was no exception and proceeded to collect the different versions of the Standard. It filled in many gaps but early on in my restoration efforts, I felt a need to better identify feature changes and relate them to serial numbers. It is an excel data sheet that attempts to document those changes and correlate them with the serial numbers on existing machines.
I find that the more examples I record, the more surprising features emerge. Please see the link at the end of the article for downloading. One integral part of the Data Project is the concept of typical configuration for each iteration of Standard model types.
A Brief History of Recording to ca. 1950
In Letters Patent No. Upon this cylinder there is a sheet of foil or similar material, and the same is indented by the action of a point moved by a diaphragm, and this foil forms a phonogram that can be usedto reproduce the original sounds when moved in contact with a point and diaphragm. My present invention relates to improvements upon the phonograph patented as aforesaid, and the features of such improvemeut are hereinafter specially pointed out.
The Office of Registration and Records is responsible for the registration process and maintaining academic records of students who have attended Edison State.
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US227679A – Phonograph – Google Patents
That record must be a quarter of an inch thick! The knowledge that you will probably never complete your collection just adds to the thrill. This is record collecting at its most pure and primal. They can only be played on a certain type of player, and they steadfastly avoid any musical bag that gets the rest of the collecting world so hot under the collar.
Get the best deal for Edison Cylinder Phonograph from the largest SUITCASE HOLDS 21 RECORDS PATENT DATE JUNE 6th
Two sided, it could now hold much more audio on one disc. Edison was steadfast in his method of recording on discs – the sound should be at the bottom of the groove. Other phonograph manufacturers designed their machines to read music recorded on the inside of the groove. While recording at the bottom of the groove produced better, more long-lasting sound, it also required discs much thicker and more fragile than those sold by the competition. With more and more records being produced by more and more manufacturers, it remained so that only discs manufactured by Edison could be played on his machines.
This would lead to the downfall of Edison Records, although in plans were made to switch over to the inner groove technology, and several records were made, but it was too late and production ended in Many different label styles were used on Edison disc records. Between late and mid, all new releases bore embossed labels, in which the label was engraved on the mold used to manufacture the record.
Selections from Robin Hood. [Robin Hood. Selections]
Pipe organ enthusiasts have long been an active component of the record buying public. Among early attempts to meet this interest was the Phonograph Division of Thomas A. Edison, Inc.
Materials in this subseries range in date from to While the Southern California Edison Records are comprised primarily of company records, Series 6.
The story of sound recording, and reproduction, began in , when the man of a thousand patents, Thomas Edison, invented the phonograph. In essence, his machine consisted of a sheet of tinfoil wrapped around a cylindrical drum which, when turned by a handle, both rotated and moved laterally. As it moved it passed under a touching metal stylus, attached to one side of a diaphragm. On the other side of the diaphragm was a small mouthpiece into which the operator spoke.
The sound-waves focussed onto the diaphragm caused it to vibrate, which in turn caused the stylus to vary the pressure on the tinfoil. As the drum rotated and moved across the stylus a groove was embossed in the tinfoil consisting of undulations approximating the pressure patterns of the sound-waves.
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The phonograph was developed as a result of Thomas Edison’s work on two other Although it was later stated that the date for this event was on August 12,.
The following documents from Blue Folder No. Arthur Walsh to Charles Edison October 12, On or about the Edison Industries began to manufacture and sell the disc type of record and from that date to this, as far as I can estimate, it has always been a losing business. Without going too far back into history, I have looked over the financial statements of the past five years. The five years show a loss on account of records, as follows:. At the present time we are making both types.
Below an attempt has been made to recapitulate the advantages and disadvantages of continuing in the record business…. Avoid possible embarrassment to trade in discontinuing project just started [lateral-cut discs], which might cause trade to feel we might cut out radio just as abruptly. Possibility of Record Business being reborn, if Combinations become increasingly popular. As Mr. Thomas A. Absorbs portion of Thomas A.
Edison Industries overhead, which would increase other costs unless something else is found for factory and space. Eliminate loss thru voiding contracts with recording artists, which would be small in comparison with potential losses if business does not succeed.